Les images de la série « à Double Sens » ont été réalisées en juin 2017 dans les rues de Plan-les-Ouates/Genève pour le projet d’exposition en plein-air « Terrain fertile », proposé par les communes de Lancy et de Plan-les-Ouates. Elles reflètent le lien éphémère, ou pour la vie, qui unit deux personnes entre elles.
The Tsujiki Market in Tokyo is indisputably the largest fish market in the world, handling on a daily basis appr. 2,400 tons of 450 different varieties of marine products and 270 varieties of fruits and vegetables. Within its premises, two entities, quite different in operations, co-exist.
The first and most well known is the fish market, famous for its very early morning tuna auctions aimed at professional buyers. It is also called Inner Market and is operated and regulated by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government.
Next to it, the Outer Market, totally private. A mix of wholesale and retail shops, with numerous stalls selling cutlery, pottery or tea and many restaurants serving excellent sushi dishes.
It has developed over the years around the Inner Market, aiming not only at professionals, but also at individual buyers.
Initially, both markets targeted professionals. It is only recently that the Outer Market has opened its doors to visitors.
The Tsujiki District has hosted the facility since 1935, after the Great Kanto Earthquake destroyed some 20 private markets in Tokyo. Now, after 80 years of operations and in order to accommodate the 2020 Olympics, the Fish/Inner Market is ment to move, by a one-year delay, in November 2018, to the nearby District of Toyosu.
Following the relocation of the Inner Market, all professionals will also be relocated to Toyosu. What then happened to the Tsujiki Outer Market, which will remain in its current location but depends heavily on professional buyers?
In an attempt to preserve the Tsujiki brand and assure the prosperity of small businesses, a new commercial facility has being constructed within the compound of the Outer Market, meaning to host vendors marketing themselves to Chefs. It will be called “Tsujiki Uogashi”, Uogashi meaning fish river.
The idea is to give an incentive to professional buyers to keep visiting the Tsujiki Outer Market, as when the Fish Market relocates, many shops will not be able to survive. The two-storey glazing “Tsujiki Uogashi” building is mostly constructed of metal with glimmering restaurants on the rooftop, looking more like a museum than a fish market.
In Toyosu, the modern facility includes three separate multi-floor buildings, completely closed off from the outside and equipped with state-of-the-art refrigeration. “Tsukiji Uogashi” partially opened its doors in November 2016 and for the time being co-habites with the 81-old fish Inner market which remains where it is, till November 2018.
But, Tsukiji Fish Market is much more than a market. It has become a cultural institution, carrying 80 years of tradition and history.
Change and improvement are often synonymous with modernization and it seems that architecture has no intentions in preserving almost a century of tradition.
The feeling of sailing on a fisherman’s boat will vanish, order will replace chaos and although the new facilities will be offering plenty of advantages for both visitors and vendors, the great charm of the 80 year-old Tsujiki Fish market will definitely be missed.
However, Tsukiji Fish Market is much more than a market. It has become a cultural institution, carrying 80 years of tradition and history.
Estimates indicate that, of the eight million children living in institutions worldwide, one million are accommodated in Europe. It is worthy to note that institutions for children are also called ‘orphanages’, despite that most of the resident children are not orphans.
By the nature of their place within society, institutions are characterised by an element of marginalisation, carrying a stigma that often leads to social exclusion. I spent several months documenting a young girls’ state institution and never heard them using the words “institution” or “orphanage”. They could sense that, by the sounds of these words, what pops up first in people’s imagination is the Oliver Twist stereotype.
Although there is valid ground in feeding the imagination and many important issues are yet to be addressed, the predominance of images depicting only the negative side of such institutions does not positively contribute to the efforts aimed at social change. Hence, the images’ predominance cannot but result in the further marginalisation of children living within, and later outside, the welfare system.
These images depict some everyday activities and gestures of teenage girls residing in welfare institutions. The girls are, to begin with, young beautiful girls who attend school, have dreams, cry over their first love, enjoy dressing up, and also laugh and have ‘best friends’.
Nonetheless, these girls are often portrayed as having nothing to show that is reminiscent of young girls’ lives outside welfare institutions. Though the approach may differ, the goal is the same: social acceptance. Without it, social inclusion will never follow.
Greece 2015. Thousands of migrants try desperately to reach the greek shores from Turkey. On the other side of Greece, opposite to the recently-built port of Patras, abandoned factories provide shelter to refugees for years. Some of them have just arrived, some others are there, since ever. All, with one and only goal in mind: cross to Italy.
The Ladopoulos Papermill is one of many factories of Greece that shut down in 1991, after 63 years of operations. In Sept 2015, this abandoned construction hosts mostly Afghans boys, aged between 16 and 22 years old, running from the Talibans.
They sleep, wash, eat and play inside and around the factory. They have reconstitute a temporary home by accommodating the space to their needs.
The boys favoured place is the roof of the building. From up there, they can have an eye on the port, make plans, visualise a future.
They wake up every morning with one and only goal in mind: sneak into a truck to Italy. Each and every evening, they try their luck. Few of them ever succeed.